The SPINE Body of Knowledge (BoK) has been created over the last 15 years in the context of the open-source SPINE project, and includes models, methods, algorithms, frameworks, tools and systems for the systematic and full-fledged development of wearable computing systems based on body sensor networks.

SPINE covers many different application domains: Healthcare, Fitness, Sport, Factory, Transportation, Gaming, Social interactions, Defence.

The SPINE project was originally established in 2006 at the Telecom Italia/Pirelli Wireless Sensor Networks Lab in Berkeley (CA). The founders were University of Calabria (G. Fortino), Telecom Italia/Pirelli WSN Lab (M. Sgroi), Telecom Italia Lab (F. Bellifemine), and University of Berkeley (A. Sangiovanni-Vincentelli). Since 2013, the project is fully driven and managed by the Prof. Fortino’s research group at University of Calabria. Many R&D groups from Academia and Industry contributed to SPINE BoK, both with research contributions and with contribution to the open-source code.

In particular, the SPINE BoK includes: the SPINE framework and related methodology (SPIME-DM), the SPINE extension frameworks (SPINE2, C-SPINE, A-SPINE, SPINE-*), the BodyCloud infrastructure and related methodology, the BodyEdge infrastructure, and a rich set of application-specific multi-sensor data fusion algorithms.

Overall, the SPINE research and dissemination activities produced 100+ papers, notably 40+ in top-level journals (e.g. IEEE-THMS, IEEE-SensorsJ, IEEE-IoTJ, IEEE-Network, IEEE-WCM, IEEE-TASE, INFFUS, FGCS, JNCA), 5000+ number of citations according to Google Scholar with an h-index=30, and five highly cited papers according to Web of Science.

The SPINE reference paper “Giancarlo Fortino, Roberta Giannantonio, Raffaele Gravina, Philip Kuryloski, Roozbeh Jafari: Enabling Effective Programming and Flexible Management of Efficient Body Sensor Network Applications. IEEE Trans. Hum. Mach. Syst. 43(1): 115-133 (2013)” received the prestigious A. P. Sage Best SMC Transactions Paper Award 2014.

Our book includes the overall SPINE BoK contents: Giancarlo Fortino, Raffaele Gravina, Stefano Galzarano. Wearable Computing: From Modeling to Implementation of Wearable Systems based on Body Sensor Networks. ISBN: 978-1-119-07880-7. April 2018 Wiley-IEEE Press.

Prof. Fortino is Distinguished Lecturer of IEEE Sensors Council disseminating the SPINE BoK with lectures on
Wearable Computing Systems based on Body Sensor Networks: State-of-the-art and Future Research Challenges.

Latest News & Events

IEEE Fellowship

Prof. Fortino was just elevated to IEEE Fellow, class 2022, with the following citation:”for contributions to engineering of IoT-enabled wearable computing systems“.